JEWISH-AMERICAN HALL OF FAME • JEWISH MUSEUM IN CYBERSPACE
ANTI-SEMITIC BIGOTRY AS CHRONICLED BY HISTORICAL MEDALS


 

A medal with a similar theme (figure 41) was issued in 1782 by Dutch Jews to commemorate the directives of the Catholic Emperor Joseph II, granting religious liberties to Protestants and Jews. On the obverse is a bust of Joseph II, with an inscription reading, "Toleration Ordered." The reverse shows a radiant triangle (representing the Holy Trinity) over a crowned eagle, which holds a banner ("In God´s Name"), protecting three figures (a Bishop, Pastor and Rabbi), representing the Catholic, Protestant and Jewish religious faiths, respectively. The legend above the eagle reads "Under its Wings, it Protects Everyone," and below "These Friends 1782."Ironically, this medal was engraved by Johann Christian Reich, the same medallist who made the notorious anti-Semitic Korn Jude medals of the 1770s.

 Jews and Protestants Medal
Figure 41. Religious Freedom Granted to Jews and Protestants Medal

Johann Christian Reich, Pewter struck medal, 1782, Germany, 44 mm. Ref: Friedenberg p. 37 (Image courtesy of Busso Peus Nacht.)

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