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ANTI-SEMITIC BIGOTRY AS CHRONICLED BY HISTORICAL MEDALS
BIOGRAPHY OF MEDALLISTS
Depaulis, Alexis Joseph: Alexis Depaulis (1790-1867) was a medallist who was born in Paris. A pupil of Andrieu and Cartellier, he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, where he earned a number of medals for his work. Several of his medals were exhibited at the Salon.
Goetz, Karl: Karl Goetz (1875-1950) was born in Augsburg, Germany in the state of Bavaria. He attended school in several cities in Germany, including Augsburg, Dresden, Leipzig, Berlin and Düsseldorf. Later in his career he spent time in Utrecht, Paris and Munich. Over his lifetime Goetz created over 600 medals, most of which were cast. Many of them were satirical in nature, several of which relate to World War I, the most famous of which is the propaganda piece on the Sinking of the Lusitania. He is also noted for his dramatic portrait medals. His medals are displayed in museums around the world, including those in Germany, Austria, England, Norway and the United States. Goetz was a member of several artistic and numismatic societies in Germany and Austria. Karl Goetz exhibited strong emotions in his medals, some of which expressed his prejudicial feelings, most notably in the anti-Black medals he issued.
Hart, Laurent Joseph: Hart was born in Antwerp, Belgium, in 1810 and died in Brussels in 1860. He was a pupil of Braemt, Veyrat and Jouvenel. Before the revolution of 1830, he served as coin engraver to the Mints of Brussels and Utrecht. His medals, which are numerous, are often of particularly high relief and are generally of above average merit. (Forrer, Vol II, p. 433)
Hörnlein, Fritz: Hörnlein (1873 1945) was a Dresden engraver.
Muller, O. (Wouter): Muller was a silversmith and medallist of Amsterdam, whose work dates between 1653 and 1688. Bolzenthal calls him “der Meister Muller,” and gives him high praise for the excellence of the execution of his medals. Like those of Peter van Abeele, his medals are embossed and chased and are in high relief.
Pastorino de Pastorini: Pastorino (1508-1592) was an Italian painter, coin engraver and medallist. He was a pupil of Guillaume Marcillat, a celebrated French painter on glass. Early in his career, he worked in Rome and Siena, one of his works being the great window over the door of the cathedral of Siena. Later in life he worked at the mints of Parma, Reggio d’Emilia, and Ferrara, where he was Master of the Mint. In Bologna he entered the service of Grand Duke Francesco of Tuscany. He spent the remainder of his life in Florence. His major contributions to medallic art are his fine portrait medallions.
Pingo, Lewis: Lewis Pingo (1743-1830) was a British medallist and coin-engraver. He succeeded his father Thomas Pingo and in 1815 became chief engraver at the Royal Mint, London. His major work was in engraving coins but he did produce some medals of note, one of them being of William Penn.
Provost, Pierre Fernand: Pierre Fernand Provost was a contemporary French medallist who designed medals memorializing the Holocaust, some of which are sold by the Monnaie de Paris.
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