Berg, Gertude (Molly Goldberg)
Brandeis, Louis D.
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Santangel, Luis de
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Torres, Luis de
Wise, Isaac Mayer
by Gerta Ries Wiener (1971), Louis Brandeis, Supreme Court Justice.|
Dembitz Brandeis (1856-1941)
Louis Brandeis' nomination in 1916 to the Supreme Court, by President Woodrow
Wilson, aroused much consternation in some circles; even the staid Wall Street
Journal called him a "rabid ... super-extreme ... anti-corporation agitator."
Anti-Semitism also raised its ugly head with the first Jewish nominee to the High
Court. However, Brandeis had the support of the people, as his nickname ("The
People's Lawyer") revealed, for his crusades on behalf of consumer protection
and women's rights, and against monopolistic practices.
Brandeis won fame as a dissenter on the bench, he was actually in the majority
far more often than the minority. His dissenting opinions were of quality not
quantity. However, these were highly significant because, in stating his belief
in the "living law," in many instances Brandies stated the law as it was yet to
be. In a speech made to a Boston audience in 1914, Justice Brandeis stated: "America's
fundamental law seeks to make real the brotherhood of man. America's insistent
demand in the twentieth century is for social justice." When World War I broke
out, Brandeis agreed to serve as Chairman of the Provisional Committee for General
Zionist Affairs. "My approach to Zionism," he said, "was through Americanism.
Gradually it became clear to me that to be good Americans we must be better Jews,
and to be better Jews we must become Zionists." His close relations with President
Wilson and high administrative officials played an important part in securing
support for the Balfour Declaration whereby Great Britain "views with favour the
establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people."
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