Berg, Gertude (Molly Goldberg)
Brandeis, Louis D.
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Santangel, Luis de
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Torres, Luis de
Wise, Isaac Mayer
by Gerta Ries Wiener (1985), Adolph Ochs, New York Times
Adolph Ochs (1858-1935)
Ochs' formal education was skatchy, he described his work at the
Knoxville (Tennessee) Chronicle as his "high school and university.
Beginning as office boy in 1869, at the age of 11, he was soon
promoted to delivery boy at a weekly salary of $1.50. From that
time until his death, Ochs never left the newspaper business.
He was a founder of the Southern Associated Press and its chairman
from 1891 to 1894, and for 35 years Ochs served as a director
of the Associated Press.
At the age
of 38, Ochs took on the monumental task of reviving the financially
ailing New York Times. He insisted on a clean, upright and impartial
approach to the news. After only three years of his dynamic leadership,
The Times was showing a profit. Ochs purchased a controlling interest
in 1900. Starting with a circulation of 9,000, The New York Times
at the time of Ochs' death sold almost a half million copies daily
and nearly three-quarters of a million copies each Sunday. He
had made it one of the greatest newspapers in the world.
Ochs as Philanthropist
headed the five million dollar campaign for the creation of Hebrew
Union College's endowment fund. He served as a trustee of Temple
Emanu-El in New York, and as a symbol of interfaith goodwill,
in 1930 Ochs presented two 12-foot candelabra (menorahs) to the
Cathedral of St. John the Divine. Undoubtedly, Ochs' greatest
humanitarian effort was the creation of The New York Times Neediest
Cases Fund in 1912, to provide money for "exceptionally deserving
persons among the city's poor." That first year $3,630.88 was
raised. Recent years have seen contributions mounting to several
million dollars annually, donated by tens of thousands of Times'
readers. Every cent contributed goes to the needy, with no deductions
for administrative costs. Thus, this son of immigrants -- a lad
who began his auspicious career by earning $1.50 a week at the
age of 11 - has left a legacy that can make all Americans proud.
Here to Take Adolph Ochs Quiz
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