Berg, Gertude (Molly Goldberg)
Brandeis, Louis D.
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Santangel, Luis de
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Torres, Luis de
Wise, Isaac Mayer
by Marika Somogyi (2000).
Arthur Miller (1915-2005)
Aster Miller was born 85 years ago in New York City on October 17,
1915. After his father's business failed, Miller graduated from
a Brooklyn high school, and then dropped out from City College after
just two weeks. In the depths of the Depression he took various
jobs, including singing on a local radio station, and truck driving.
From 1932-34 Miller clerked in an auto-parts warehouse, where he
was the only Jew employed and had his first real, personal experiences
of American anti-semitism.
With the money he earned, Arthur Miller enrolled in the University
of Michigan, graduating in 1938. While still an undergraduate, he
wrote No Villain in six days, and received the Hopwood Award in
During World War II he wrote radio plays and worked as a shipfitter's
helper at the Brooklyn Naval Yard. In 1944, Miller's first Broadway
show The Man Who Had All The Luck closed after just six performances,
but received the Theater Guild National Award. Three years later,
All My Sons premiered and received the New York Drama Critics'
Miller's masterpiece, Death of a Salesman, premiered in 1949
and received the Pulitzer Prize, the New York Drama Critics' Circle
Award, the Antoinette Perry ("Tony") Award, the Donaldson Award,
and the Theater Club Award, among others. In 1953,The Crucible
opened, receiving the Tony and Donaldson Awards. The tale of the
Salem Witch Trials was a poignant allegory for the McCarthy hearings
that were then taking place. Prophetically, just a few years later,
Miller was convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to name
people he had seen 10 years earlier at an alleged Communist writer'
meeting. Miller appealed, and the United States Court of Appeals
overturned his conviction.
The motion picture that he wrote for then wife Marilyn Monroe, Misfits,
premiered in 1961. After visiting the Mauthausen death camp in 1964,
Miller covered the Nazi trials in Frankfurt, Germany for the New
York Herald Tribune. His anti-Fascist play Incident at Vichy
premiered two years later. Arthur Miller's autobiography Timebends
was published in 1987.
Miller served as President of International P.E.N. (Poets, Essayists
and Novelists) from 1965 to 1969, where he strove vigorously to
organize protests against literary censorship and repression around
the world. As a consequence, Miller's works were banned in the Soviet
Union. Arthur Miller received Kennedy Center Honors for lifetime
achievement in 1984.
Here to Take Arthur Miller Quiz
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