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INDEX
People
Abravanel, Don Isaac
Berg, Moe
Berle, Milton
Berlin, Irving
Bernstein, Leonard
Brandeis, Louis D.
Cardozo, Benjamin
Columbus, Christopher
Einstein, Albert
Elion, Gertrude
Frankel,Jacob
Gershwin, George
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Gompers, Samuel
Goode, Alexander
Goodman, Benny
Gratz, Rebecca
Greenberg, Hank
Hillman, Sidney
Houdini, Harry
Jefferson, Thomas
Karpeles, Leopold
Lazarus, Emma
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Asser
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Meir, Golda
Miller, Arthur
Myerson, Bess
Noah, Mordecai.
Ochs, Adolph
Rose, Ernestine
Rosenthal, Robert
Ross, Barney

Salk, Jonas
Salomon, Haym
Santangel, Luis de
Sarnoff, David
Schick, Bela
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Stern, Isaac
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Strauss, Levi
Streisand, Barbra
Szold, Henrietta
Torres, Luis de
Touro, Judah
Wacks, Mel

Wald, Lillian
Washington, George
Wiesel, Elie
Zacuto, Abraham

Medal by Gerta Ries Wiener (1985), Adolph Ochs, New York Times Publisher.

Adolph Ochs (1858-1935)

While Adolph Ochs' formal education was skatchy, he described his work at the Knoxville (Tennessee) Chronicle as his "high school and university. Beginning as office boy in 1869, at the age of 11, he was soon promoted to delivery boy at a weekly salary of $1.50. From that time until his death, Ochs never left the newspaper business. He was a founder of the Southern Associated Press and its chairman from 1891 to 1894, and for 35 years Ochs served as a director of the Associated Press.

At the age of 38, Ochs took on the monumental task of reviving the financially ailing New York Times. He insisted on a clean, upright and impartial approach to the news. After only three years of his dynamic leadership, The Times was showing a profit. Ochs purchased a controlling interest in 1900. Starting with a circulation of 9,000, The New York Times at the time of Ochs' death sold almost a half million copies daily and nearly three-quarters of a million copies each Sunday. He had made it one of the greatest newspapers in the world.

Ochs as Philanthropist

Adolph Ochs headed the five million dollar campaign for the creation of Hebrew Union College's endowment fund. He served as a trustee of Temple Emanu-El in New York, and as a symbol of interfaith goodwill, in 1930 Ochs presented two 12-foot candelabra (menorahs) to the Cathedral of St. John the Divine. Undoubtedly, Ochs' greatest humanitarian effort was the creation of The New York Times Neediest Cases Fund in 1912, to provide money for "exceptionally deserving persons among the city's poor." That first year $3,630.88 was raised. Recent years have seen contributions mounting to several million dollars annually, donated by tens of thousands of Times' readers. Every cent contributed goes to the needy, with no deductions for administrative costs. Thus, this son of immigrants -- a lad who began his auspicious career by earning $1.50 a week at the age of 11 - has left a legacy that can make all Americans proud.



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