Berg, Gertude (Molly Goldberg)
Brandeis, Louis D.
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Santangel, Luis de
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Torres, Luis de
Wise, Isaac Mayer
by Hal Reed (1991), Hank Greenberg, Baseball Hall of Famer.
Greenberg was born in New York City on January 1, 1911. In 1925,
14 year old Greenberg was a player on the Washington Avenue Annex
Settlement House baseball team, which won the Bronx championship.
Years later, Greenberg won a scholarship to New York University,
but he quit after his first term to play baseball full time.
the Detroit Tigers in 1933 as a first baseman, and helped them
win their first American League pennant in 25 years. The Tigers
were champions again the following year, and Hank won the American
League's Most Valuable Player award by a unanimous vote of the
Baseball Writers Association; he won it again in 1940 after he
had been switched to left field.
Greenberg declined to play in an important game on Yom Kippur
in 1934, Edgar Guest published a poem, the last lines of which
are: "We shall miss him on the infield and shall miss him at the
bat, but he's true to his religion - and I honor him for that."
As the first
Jewish baseball star, Hank Greenberg had to handle racial slurs
from fans and opponents alike. Birdie Tebbetts, a Detroit teammate
of Greenberg's for seven seasons, recalled that, "There was nobody
in the history of the game who took more abuse than Greenberg,
unless it was Jackie Robinson."
missed Babe Ruth's fabled record of 60 home runs, when he hit
58 in 1938. However, Greenberg did set a major league mark that
year when he slammed two homers per game eleven times.
At the peak
of his career, in 1941, Hank Greenberg was inducted into the US
Army, saying "I never asked for a deferment. I made up my mind
to go when I was called." Greenberg was also the first major leaguer
to reenlist in the military following the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Rejoining the Tigers after his discharge on June 14, 1945, in
the heat of a pennant race, Hank hit a home run in his first game
back, and blasted his famous grand slam home run in the last inning
of the final game of the season. The man that Joe DiMaggio called
"one of the truly great hitters," was elected to the Baseball
Hall of Fame in 1956.
Here to Take Hank Greenberg Quiz
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