Brandeis, Louis D.
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Santangel, Luis de
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Torres, Luis de
by Jacques Schnier (1974), Herbert Lehman, Senator & Governor.
Herbert H. Lehman (1878-1963)
from Williams College in 1899, Herbert Henry Lehman joined his
father's investment banking firm - Lehman Brothers. He began a
long career in public service when he was commissioned as a captain
in the War Department Ordnance bureau during World War I, where
he eventually rose to the rank of colonel in the War Claims Board.
After several visits to devastated Europe, he helped found the
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee.
active in politics, and was elected as Lieutenant Governor of
New York, with Franklin Delano Roosevelt as Governor, in 1928.
He was Roosevelt's right hand man, and was elected Governor in
1932 by an unprecedented plurality of close to a million votes.
Lehman fought for a wide range of minimum wage, social security
and general welfare bills during and following the Depression
... and was reelected four more times. He resigned in 1942 to
become head of the newly formed United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation
Administration, whose task was to minister to the war-torn civilian
populations of the former Axis-occupied areas. England's Noel-Baker
gave Lehman the following testimonial:No tougher assignment was
ever faced by any man. He has carried it through. His greatest
service has been the moral authority which he has established
with the governments and the peoples of the world."
At the age
of 72, Herbert H. Lehman took on another major public service
- as New York's Senator. There he courageously crusaded against
McCarthyism and restrictive immigration quotas. This immigrant's
son eloquently spoke before the President's Commission on Immigration
and Naturalization in 1952, saying: "This (quota) system is based
on the same discredited racial theories from which Adolph Hitler
developed the infamous Nuremberg Laws. It is the complete denial
of Americanism. To defend ourselves against the evil implications
of this concept we recently fought a great war ... and sacrificed
hundreds of thousands of American lives, including untold numbers
whose names were not Smith, Brown or Jones."
Here to Take Herbert Lehman Quiz
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