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People
Abravanel, Don Isaac
Berg, Moe
Berle, Milton
Berlin, Irving
Bernstein, Leonard
Brandeis, Louis D.
Cardozo, Benjamin
Columbus, Christopher
Einstein, Albert
Elion, Gertrude
Frankel,Jacob
Gershwin, George
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Gompers, Samuel
Goode, Alexander
Goodman, Benny
Gratz, Rebecca
Greenberg, Hank
Hillman, Sidney
Houdini, Harry
Jefferson, Thomas
Karpeles, Leopold
Lazarus, Emma
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Asser
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Meir, Golda
Miller, Arthur
Myerson, Bess
Noah, Mordecai.
Ochs, Adolph
Rose, Ernestine
Rosenthal, Robert
Ross, Barney

Salk, Jonas
Salomon, Haym
Santangel, Luis de
Sarnoff, David
Schick, Bela
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Stern, Isaac
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Strauss, Levi
Streisand, Barbra
Szold, Henrietta
Torres, Luis de
Touro, Judah
Wacks, Mel

Wald, Lillian
Washington, George
Wiesel, Elie
Zacuto, Abraham

Medal by Victor Ries (1969), Judah Magnes, Religious leader & educator.

Judah L. Magnes (1877-1948)

Judah Leon Magnes was born in San Francisco, and grew up in Oakland, California. He later became the first native Californian to receive a rabbinical degree from the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati. Magnes went on to serve at Temple Israel in Brooklyn (1904) and at Temple Emanu-El in New York City (1908), one of the most influential positions in American Reform Jewry. A few years later, Magnes headed the conservative Congregation B'nai Jeshurun.

In 1909, Magnes founded the Kehillah, a union of diverse Jewish communal organizations in New York City. He remained its president during the entire time of its existence, through 1922, and is credited with changing the emphasis from charities to social work. With seemingly boundless energy, Magnes also helped to found the Yiddish daily "Der Tag," the Society for the Advancement of Judaism, the American Civil Liberties Union, and the Join Distribution Committee. He was Secretary of the Federation of American Zionists and a lifelong friend of Henrietta Szold, with whom he helped turn a small women's social group into the world's largest Zionist organization - Hadassah.

Probably Judah L. Magnes' greatest work was done on behalf of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, of which he was a founder and the first president. Dr. Magnes is given much of the credit for making the University the world-renowned institution that it is today.

Magnes was an outspoken leader in the campaign for the establishment of a Jewish homeland. His compassion for people - all people - led him to appeal for a bi-national state of Jews and Arabs. He has been called the "Jewish Gandhi" because of his constant work on behalf of both independence and harmony in the Holy Land. Just before the United Nations made its momentous decision establishing the State of Israel, Magnes spoke before the world body. Unfortunately he became ill shortly after, and was buried in his beloved Jerusalem.


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