Berg, Gertude (Molly Goldberg)
Brandeis, Louis D.
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Santangel, Luis de
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Torres, Luis de
by Victor Ries (1969), Judah Magnes, Religious leader &
Judah L. Magnes
Magnes was born in San Francisco, and grew up in Oakland, California.
He later became the first native Californian to receive a rabbinical
degree from the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati. Magnes went
on to serve at Temple Israel in Brooklyn (1904) and at Temple
Emanu-El in New York City (1908), one of the most influential
positions in American Reform Jewry. A few years later, Magnes
headed the conservative Congregation B'nai Jeshurun.
Magnes founded the Kehillah, a union of diverse Jewish communal
organizations in New York City. He remained its president during
the entire time of its existence, through 1922, and is credited
with changing the emphasis from charities to social work. With
seemingly boundless energy, Magnes also helped to found the Yiddish
daily "Der Tag," the Society for the Advancement of Judaism, the
American Civil Liberties Union, and the Join Distribution Committee.
He was Secretary of the Federation of American Zionists and a
lifelong friend of Henrietta Szold, with whom he helped turn a
small women's social group into the world's largest Zionist organization
Judah L. Magnes' greatest work was done on behalf of the Hebrew
University in Jerusalem, of which he was a founder and the first
president. Dr. Magnes is given much of the credit for making the
University the world-renowned institution that it is today.
an outspoken leader in the campaign for the establishment of a
Jewish homeland. His compassion for people - all people - led
him to appeal for a bi-national state of Jews and Arabs. He has
been called the "Jewish Gandhi" because of his constant work on
behalf of both independence and harmony in the Holy Land. Just
before the United Nations made its momentous decision establishing
the State of Israel, Magnes spoke before the world body. Unfortunately
he became ill shortly after, and was buried in his beloved Jerusalem.
Here to Take Judah Magnes Quiz
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