Brandeis, Louis D.
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Santangel, Luis de
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Torres, Luis de
by Robert Russin (1970), Albert Einstein, Nobel Prize winning
the German town of Ulm, Albert Einstein spent his early youth
in Munich. While attending Zurich Polytechnic Institute he became
a Swiss citizen; after graduating in 1890, he took a post at the
Berne patent office and carried out experiments on his own time.
In 1905, he published three scientific papers, including one that
would make his name a household word - the Special History of
Relativity. Einstein demonstrated that motion is relative and
that physical laws must be the same for all observers moving relative
to each other, as well as his famous equation E=mc˛ showing that
mass and energy are equivalent. He received the Nobel Prize for
physics in 1921 for his explanation of the photoelectic effect.
paper published in 1920 predicted that large masses would deflect
planets or light rays from their paths; this was proven when it
was shown that starlight was defected by the gravitational field
of the sun during a total eclipse of the sun in 1919.
interests were not confined to his research alone. His friend
and collaborator Dr. Otto Nathan writes: "Except for his devotion
to science, no cause was more important or closer to his heart
than the determination that the institution of war be forever
As an internationalist,
Einstein advocated a United Europe in 1914, and welcomed the establishment
of the League of Nations in 1919 and the United Nations in 1945.
He was also deeply concerned with Jewish affairs, and devoted
his active interest to the creation of Brandeis University. Also,
Einstein was convinced that the cultural survival of the Jews
depended on the establishment of their own national homeland -
Israel - with peaceful coexistence between Arabs and Jews necessary
death of Chaim Weizmann, when he was asked if he would accept
the presidency of Israel, the 73 year old scientist wrote: "I
am deeply moved by the offer from our State of Israel, and at
once saddened and ashamed that I cannot accept it. All my life
I have dealt with objective matters, hence I lack both the natural
aptitude and the experience to deal properly with people and to
exercise official functions. I am the more distressed over these
circumstances because my relationship to the Jewish people has
become my strongest human bond, ever since I became aware of our
precarious situation among the nations of the world."
Here to Take Albert Einstein Quiz
Here to Visit Exhibit of Einstein Medals
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