Virtual Tour
INDEX
People
Abravanel, Don Isaac
Berg, Moe
Berle, Milton
Berlin, Irving
Bernstein, Leonard
Brandeis, Louis D.
Cardozo, Benjamin
Columbus, Christopher
Einstein, Albert
Elion, Gertrude
Frankel,Jacob
Gershwin, George
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Gompers, Samuel
Goode, Alexander
Goodman, Benny
Gratz, Rebecca
Greenberg, Hank
Hillman, Sidney
Houdini, Harry
Jefferson, Thomas
Karpeles, Leopold
Lazarus, Emma
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Asser
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Meir, Golda
Miller, Arthur
Myerson, Bess
Noah, Mordecai.
Ochs, Adolph
Rose, Ernestine
Rosenthal, Robert
Ross, Barney
Salk, Jonas
Salomon, Haym
Santangel, Luis de
Sarnoff, David
Schick, Bela
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Stern, Isaac
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Strauss, Levi
Streisand, Barbra
Szold, Henrietta
Torres, Luis de
Touro, Judah
Wacks, Mel

Wald, Lillian
Washington, George
Wiesel, Elie
Zacuto, Abraham

Samuel Gompers & Sidney Hillman Medal designed by Karen Worth.

Samuel Gompers (1850-1924) & Sidney Hillman (1887-1946)



Samuel Gompers (1850-1924) was born in London on January 27, 1850, after his parents had emigrated from Holland. He left school at the age of 11 to become an apprenticeship to a cigarmaker, his father's occupation. In 1863, his family moved to New York. Within a year, young Samuel had joined Local 15 of the United Cigar Makers Union, and he eventually rose to Second Vice President. was a founder of the American Federation of Labor (AF of L), and served as its president for every year but one during his lifetime. During World War I, Gompers was appointed by President Wilson to the advisory committee of the National Council of Defense, and following the War he led the United States delegation to the International Labor Organization.

Sidney Hillman (1887-1946), a 20 year old former rabbinical student from Lithuania, was among the 100,000 Eastern European Jews who immigrated to America in 1907. Hillman became an apprentice cutter in a Chicago garment factory, working long hours under brutal conditions. In 1910, he helped settle a major strike, gaining union recognition and agreement to settle future disputes by arbitration. During the Depression, Sidney Hillman was named to the Labor Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration, and helped draft the Fair Labor Standards Act. In 1937, Hillman was a founder and first Vice President of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO). President Roosevelt declared that Hillman, more than any other man, helped to win passage of the minimum-wage law of 1938.

The medal's reverse dramatically portrays the September 1915 strike by 25,000 members of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Union President, Sidney Hillman declared that: "All we want is to be recognized as human beings and not machines." Sixty percent of the workers were young women, including Hillman's future wife Bessie Abramowitz, who also became an important labor leader. They worked up to 20 hours in a day for as little as $1.25.


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