Berg, Gertude (Molly Goldberg)
Brandeis, Louis D.
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader
Lehman, Herbert H.
Levy, Uriah P.
Magnes, Judah L.
Santangel, Luis de
Seixas, Gershom M.
Singer, Isaac B.
Straus, Isidor & Ida
Torres, Luis de
by Gerta Ries Wiener (1987), Benjamin Cardozo, Supreme Court
1870 as a twin, Benjamin Cardozo grew up in his family's Madison
Avenue home in New York City. His early education was carried
out at home ... and his tutor was Horatio Alger, who was already
a world-famous author of "rags to riches" books. Cardozo enrolled
in Columbia University before his 16th birthday, becoming its
youngest student. He graduated with the highest scholastic record
in its history.
following the urging of civic reform leaders, Cardozo won a seat
on the New York Supreme Court. After serving for only a few months,
the governor named him to the more prestigious Court of Appeals,
where he served with great distinction until President Hoover
appointed him to the United States Supreme Court in 1932 ... where
he served until his death in 1938.
opinions are easily recognized by their "clarity, conciseness
suffused with moral luminosity, and a command of historical material
that is unrivaled in the entire common-law tradition," according
to Judge Sidney Asch. Benjamin Cardozo is particularly noted for
his original thinking as expounded in his books, where he emphasized
that a judge had to look beyond the legal authorities to meet
responsibility to those seeking justice. He was a bulwark in defense
of New Deal legislation, ruling in favor of the constitutionality
of important programs such as social security and old-age pensions.
States Supreme Court
February 1, 1790 when the United States Supreme Court first met
in New York City, and October 7, 1935 when the justices convened
in their present building in Washington DC, the court held sessions
in a dozen different places including Philadelphia's Independence
Hall, the basement of the Capitol, and even at Long's Tavern in
Washington. The Supreme Court Building was built thanks to the
efforts of President - and later Chief Justice - William Howard
Taft. In 1929 Congress appropriated 9.74 million dollars for the
Supreme Court Building. The classic Greek-Corinthian structure
was completed under budget ... and $94,000 was returned to the
Here to Take Benjamin Cardozo Quiz
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